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Oil spills around the world

Assuming that BP’s static kill operation continues along its promising trajectory, the oil leak that spewed crude into the Gulf for over 3 months will be completely sealed in just a few days. According to the most recent estimates by federal scientists, this leak resulted in a total unplanned release of (almost)

5,000,000 barrels

210,000,000 gallons

This crude oil flooded into the Gulf of Mexico as the result of the April 20 explosion on the Deepwater Horizon oil rig that was followed by 86 days of continuous oil flow into the water before the leak could be brought under control.

In response to the spewing oil, BP and the U.S. Coast Guard have used many technologies used to contain, control, and remove oil from the Gulf’s waters in an attempt to minimize the lingering negative impacts of this leak on our environment. These technologies have included skimmers, dispersants, and centrifuge systems that required high levels of man-power and capital investment. They have been unable to prevent all of the damage that normally comes with an unnatural spill into delicate ecosystems – but these technologies have perhaps prevented some of the worst impacts.

We are lucky in the United States to have the technology, money, and will to use these technologies to clean-up and contain our mistakes. In other nations, oil that escapes during the drilling process is left to contaminate surrounding ecosystems and water resources without any clean-up attempts. In Nigeria, this rogue oil becomes a commodity for local entrepreneurs who recognize the value in this fuel. Countless people have been killed in the collection and processing steps, but the potential gains keep them coming back for more.

This behavior likely results from the extreme poverty found in this region, which has not recognized significant benefits from its position as the world’s 5th largest exporter of oil. Most Nigerians live on less than $2 per day – meaning one barrel of crude oil (at $60 when sold abroad) is more than a month’s wages. Illegal refineries that have popped up throughout the nation process close to 100,000 barrels per day – fed by theft from tankers and oil spills that do not receive the attention and action seen in the United States.

  1. spencer kelly
    June 25, 2011 at 1:04 pm

    Oil Spill Eater II
    Testing of OSE II by Dr. Tsao of British Petroleum
    BioChem Strike Team Leader

    Regarding the Effectiveness of OSE II Remediating Oil from Deepwater Horizon, Blow Out, Gulf of Mexico
    British Petroleum tested Oil Spill Eater II at Louisiana State University. Relevant sections of BP’s BCST (Bio Chem Strike Team) test results are posted.
    British Petroleum formed the Bio Chem Strike Team (BCST). Under the direction of Dr. Tsao, BCST was established in response to the Deepwater Horizon incident by the Alternative Response Technology (ART) program. The BCST consisted of experts from BP, LSU, LDEQ (Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality), USCG (U.S. Coast Guard), OSPR (California), SCAT, and highly experienced oil spill response consultants. Furthermore, BCST operated in conjunction EPA and NOAA.
    The tests were conducted with Gas Chromatograph Mass Spectrometry EPA test procedures. PAH and Alkane degradation was quantified.
    OSE II showed a great ability to remediate PAH’s, and Alkanes. By the conclusion of the testing time frame, OSE II remediated 80% of both components of the oil. Based on total concentration levels of the PAH’s OSE II actually remediated 200 %of the PAH’s or 162% of the total of both oil fractions.
    released by BP which ended up in Bay Jimmy, Louisiana.
    This test by a major oil company is the second major testing of OSE II on two of the largest spills on water in the history of Earth caused by Man. Exxon tested OSE II in 1989 and discovered OSE II was the most effective product on Alaskan Crude oil from the Valdez spill.
    BP has now successfully tested OSE II on their spill in the Gulf of Mexico which is over 600,000,000 gallons of oil spilled.
    Dr. Tsao wrote “After nearly one year since the Deepwater Horizon spill, residual weathered oil remains in many locations. The need for a field trial to establish operational criteria for final bioremediation work plans should be initiated before early Spring 2011.”
    The OSEI Corporation after over 16,000 spill clean ups in the past 21½ years, stated the logistics in regard to the successful application of OSE II were worked out some time ago.
    The remediation of the PAH’s also verifies that OSE II is an effective first response bioremediation product, and has benefits:
    ) causes the oil to float which limits the negative toxic impact to the water column or ocean floor of the oil and dispersant
    ) reduction of the adhesion properties so the oil cannot stick to birds, grass, rock or sand on shorelines
    ) elimination of fire hazard
    ) proven non-toxic by the numerous toxicity tests, you can safely wash your hands with it, the TV news program in which Retired Rear Admiral Lively drank some of it
    ) OSE II causes the oil to float, because of the method in which it goes to work on the oil, it is still very difficult to see
    ) defined end point of turning the oil into water and CO2
    OSE II is the best and only needed oil spill response that will, even at this late date, remediate oil and dispersant currently in the Gulf.

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